History of Scale Drawings - 1:36 Series
Increasing Accuracy - 1:36 series
By early 2008, I was beginning to run into the limitations of the 1:55 series. I had an enormous array of high-resolution photos and railroad diagrams at my disposal, but the resolution of the 1:55 drawings was simply not sufficient to include all the details visible in photos. This led to an all-new, larger series of drawings drawn at 1:36.
To simplify explanations and calculations, the 1:36 series broke away from the semi-random scales of previous series to be fixed at exactly 24 pixels per foot, or 2 pixels per inch. The scale when printed can therefore be obtained simply by taking the printing image resolution in PPI divided by 2, or a scale of 1:(PPI/2).
The drawings are precise, but the number in the scale is not particularly relevant, since the images can be scaled when printed. The scale is based on the commonly used 72 PPI resolution that was also apparently used to scale drawings at the Railroad Paintshop.
Origins of the 1:36 Series
Although I started the 1:36 series in February 2008, it can trace its origins back much farther.
Back in 2005, when I first started revising (and later completely redrawing) parts of the 1:55 series, the idea crossed my mind of introducing a new drawing size, done at a more easy-to-use scale. At a scale of 16.2 pixels per foot, the 1:55 series was awkward to work with and hard to explain to other artists. I thought of introducing a larger size, such as 20 or 24 pixels per foot, which would allow me to incorporate a higher level of detail. However, with a collection of about 2000 1:55 drawings, the idea of starting from scratch was daunting. Perhaps more importantly, I was not convinced that I could find adequate reference material to draw in a larger scale with sufficient accuracy. After the revised 1:55 drawings of 2005-2006 were positively received by site viewers, I put the idea of a larger series on the back burner.
However, a series of events in late 2007 and early 2008 sowed the seeds for a larger scale. In November 2007, I bought a new camera (Canon Digital Rebel XTi), which started an incredibly frenzy of roster and detail photography. There were also many high-resolution photos becoming available online. With high-resolution reference photos now in abundance, I was running into resolution barriers in 1:55, having to fudge small details that were now clearly visible in photos.
In late February 2008, I received several requests within a period of only a few days that I couldn't provide: larger drawings, vector images or details that were too fine for 1:55. That spontaneously led to the beginning of a new series on February 22, and the completion of the first 1:36 drawing on February 23, 2008.
Above: A nearly-completed view of the first 1:36 drawing, an EMD RM-1, as it appeared on February 23, 2008. A number of corrections and additions were made before it was uploaded, and a few more changes were made in the following weeks. Click here for the final version.
Making the Drawings
There's nothing revolutionary about the making of the 1:36 drawings. I retained the method I had used for all drawings up to that point: editing the images directly as GIF files in MS Paint. Although the added detail took a bit more time to decipher and draw, the scale (24 pixels per foot) was very easy to work with and ultimately more satisfying than previous scales.
In addition to including added detail, I made dimensional accuracy a key priority starting with the 1:36 series. This went beyond the major dimensions, like truck centers and wheelbase, length over the pilots, length over the coupler pulling faces and height over the cab. I started to follow as many other listed dimensions as I could find, whether from other drawings or in discussion forums—things like frame height, cab length, stanchion spacing, door height, fan diameter and so on. The availability of these dimensions partly determined which models I drew first, as I could then derive other models from shared components.
Most often I calculated the smaller dimensions from photos, many of which I've taken myself specifically for that purpose. With the 1:36 series, I began to measure everything—the width of a wheel bearing; the size of door latches and hinges; the diameter of the sand lines, motor cables, air hoses and handrails; the number and position bolts around a grill or panel, and so on. Common parts incorporated into many different drawings were given special attention. I drew couplers based on photos and patent diagrams, separate traction motors (with the truck frame layered on top), and snowplows traced from modified direct side views. The best part was that many of these details weree identical between a large range of different models, so it really only took time to draw them in the first place.
Above: The last 1:36 drawing was a GE Dash 9-40C, completed on February 21, 2012 - exactly four years (minus 1 day) after the series began.
With an increasing focus on finer details, I once again ran into resolution limitations, leading to the creation of the 1:24 and 1:18 series in 2012.
Next up: The 1:24 and 1:18 Series